New technologies to search for new phenomena in particle physics

Новые технологии для Новой физики
Educational part of the Project «Prospective Technological, Methodical and Material Solutions for New Physical Effects Searches»

The educational program is:
• inter-disciplinary: high energy physics / material science / IT
• open to every interested person
• fully WWW-integrated (online video and distant access to the materials)
• international: in partnership with CERN and some other world leading research centers.

Lectures in English with simultaneous translation
Описание программы на русском языке
В 2018 году НИТУ «МИСиС» начинает реализовывать амбициозный проект «Перспективные решения, технологии, методики и материалы для поиска новых физических эффектов». Первая стадия проекта рассчитана на трёхлетний период. Партнёрами проекта являются такие всемирно извеcтные научные центры как CERN, INFN, RAL, НИЦ "Курчатовский институт", ФИАН, а также ведущие университеты Imperial College London, Universita di Napoli "Federico II", University of Zurich. Основной целью проекта является разработка новых технических решений для детекторов частиц следующего поколения, что позволит раздвинуть горизонты понимания фундаментальных свойств материи. Проект структурирован по пяти рабочим пакетам:

WP1: «Перспективные решения для магнитной системы эксперимента SHiP в CERN».
WP2: «Будущие эмульсионные детекторы».
WP3: «Радиационно-стойкий калориметр для модернизированного эксперимента LHCb в CERN».
WP4: «Оптимизированные пиксельные детекторы будущих экспериментов».
WP5: «Симуляции и анализ больших данных».

В рамках данных рабочих пакетов предполагается участие сотрудников НИТУ "МИСиС" совместно с группами из институтов-партнёров в разработке и изготовлении элементов соответствующих детекторных подсистем, а также в разработке новых алгоритмов анализа данных в физических экспериментах, в том числе, с использованием методов машинного обучения.

Помимо научно-технической составляющей, в проекте предусмотрена образовательная программа.

В весеннем семестре 2018 г. ведущими учёными - участниками проекта, совместно с молодыми коллегами, будут прочитаны 5 вводных лекций (на английском языке с синхронным переводом на русский язык), освещающих различные аспекты задач, на решение которых направлен проект. Лекции рассчитаны на широкую аудиторию, посещение свободное, однако требуется предварительная электронная регистрация на сайте (см. ниже).

В осеннем семестре 2018 г. каждый из лекторов прочитает более специализированный курс из 4-5 лекций по своей научной тематике (на английском языке). Информация о расписании курсов будет заблаговременно размещена на сайте проекта. По итогам каждого курса предусмотрена аттестация, слушателям, успешно её прошедшим, будут вручены специальные дипломы и предложены позиции в НИТУ "МИСиС" и в университетах-партнёрах (аспирантов, постдоков и инженеров-исследователей) в рамках тематики проекта.

Лекции в рамках проекта "Бесконечная наука"
Spring semester 2018
March 27th
March 27th
Andrey Golutvin & Federico Redi
April 4th
April 4th
Giovanni De Lellis & Sergey Shirobokov
April 11th
April 11th
Richard Jacobsson & Katya Govorkova
April 18th
April 18th
Andrey Ustyuzhanin & Olga Mineeva
April 24th
April 24th
Nico Sera & Iaroslava Bezshyiko
Lecture 1
Search for new phenomena at the intensity frontier
Andrey Golutvin
The Leader of the SHiP Experiment at CERN
Professor Andrey Golutvin is Chair in Physics at Imperial College London. As an expert in particle physics working in the area for more than 30 years, he contributed or continues to contribute to a number of large international collaborations, including ARGUS (DESY) and LHCb (CERN), which he was heading in 2008-2011. Starting from 2013 Professor A. Golutvin is the spokesperson of the SHiP collaboration at CERN.
March 27th
17:30 – 19:00
Department of Physics, Imperial College London
Federico Leo Redi's is a post-doctoral researcher at the Federal Polytechnic of Lausanne in Switzerland. An active member of CERN since 2013, Federico's Alma Mater is Imperial College London from where he graduated in 2013 with Distinction and successfully defended his PhD in 2017. After starting working with his PhD Supervisor, Professor Andrey Golutvin, Federico's work shifted focus moving from Flavour Physics precision measurements to direct searches for Physics beyond the Standard Model. Following this path he has worked both in data taking and analysis for the LHCb Experiment and in designing the SHiP Experiment.
Abstract
Andrey:
The lecture is oriented to the students interested in fundamental and applied science, and in particle physics in particular. The lecture will cover the basics of the Standard Model, as well as its shortcomings. Extensive searches for New Physics are carried out at the Large Hadron Collider profiting from the both its high energy and high intensity. The SHiP project at CERN offers an alternative method to search for New Physics at relatively low energy scale. The performance requirements to the apparatus of the two large experimental set-ups, LHCb and SHIP, will be explained in details with an emphasis on the challenges to the material science.

Fede:
The lecture will expand on some of the key elements covered in Andrey's lecture. The lecture will cover in more details the theoretical expansion of the Standard Model needed to cover its shortcomings. The difficulties of designing an experiment from the ground up will be analysed, with particular attention payed to the work that a student pursuing an academic career in High Energy Physics should expect. Finally, the different aspects of the work required to analyse the data of LHCb and SHiP will be explained, again speaking from direct and recent experience, hopefully showing how the academic world of CERN is one of the most exciting place to work which is available to today's students.
Lecture 2
Search for light dark matter
Giovanni De Lellis
University of Naples
INFN WP3 project leader
Giovanni De Lellis is Professor of experimental physics at the University "Federico II" of Naples and he has been affiliated to the Italian Institute for Nuclear Research (INFN) over the last twenty years. He was appointed Spokesperson of the OPERA experiment in 2012 and re-elected for a second mandate in 2015 when he announced the discovery of tau neutrino appearance in a muon neutrino beam. He is leading the efforts for the neutrino detector of the SHiP experiment and the proposal for a directional Dark Matter search with a nuclear emulsion detector and novel readout technologies.
April 4th
17:30 – 19:00
Sergey Shirobokov
PhD student at Imperial College London
Sergey Shirobokov graduated from the Department of Physics of Moscow State
University in 2015. Currently, Sergey is a PhD student at Imperial College
London and a student at the Yandex School of Data Analysis. He has been involved
in the simulation of the neutrino detector at the SHiP experiment. Sergey is also responsible for the application of machine learning techniques in searches for a Dark Matter in the detector.
Abstract
Abstract of Giovanni De Lellis's lecture

In this talk the speaker will describe the search for dark matter particles in the SHiP experiment. In particular, the focus will be on the search for dark matter through its scattering off the atoms of the emulsion detector. A dark matter candidate can scatter off the electrons of the atoms, thus producing electromagnetic showers around 10 GeV, at the SHiP energies. An electromagnetic cascade will be then produced in the emulsion detector. We will review the experimental techniques for particle tracking inside the emulsion films and for the detection of electromagnetic showers. The dark matter search at the accelerator will also be compared with direct searches for galactic dark matter in underground laboratories, including a proposal making use of the emulsion technology for a directional approach.



Abstract of Sergey Shirobokov's talk

In this talk it will be reviewed the approach of machine learning applied to the electromagnetic shower reconstruction in Emulsion Cloud Chamber detectors. The developed algorithms were applied to the OPERA data. It will also be presented the extension of their application in the SHiP context where a few hundred neutrino interactions are expected to be recorded in about 1000 cm3.

Lecture 3
The exploration of the neutrino sector
Richard Jacobsson
CERN
Technical coordinator
Dr. Richard Jacobsson is a Senior Staff Physicist at CERN. His current research activities concentrates on the LHCb experiment where he was responsible for the commissioning and operation during 7 years, and on the newly proposed Search for Hidden Particles (SHiP) experiment at the CERN SPS accelerator. Dr Jacobsson is one of the principal proponents and Technical Coordinator of the SHiP experiment.
April 11th
17:30 – 19:00
Katya Govorkova
PhD student at Nikhef, Amsterdam
Katya graduated from the Faculty of Physics of the Lomonosov Moscow State University in 2016. Her master thesis was dedicated to the study of photon reconstruction efficiency at the LHCb experiment. The main topic of Katya's PhD is a measurement of the CP-violating phase phi_s with B decays at the LHCb experiment. She is also involved in the work on the LHCb trigger system and participates in developing new trigger for the upgrade of the LHCb experiment.
Abstract
Richard:
Title: The exploration of the neutrino sector

Abstract:
Among the fundamental particles in the Standard Model of Particle Physics, the neutrino is the most elusive and least understood. Its very weak interactions with other particles makes it the most difficult to study, requiring some of the most advanced accelerator and detector technologies. Nonetheless, it is quite possible that the neutrino is by itself akin to phenomena that are at the very origin of several of the unexplained fundamental features of the Universe, such as the neutrino oscillations, Dark Matter, and the asymmetry between matter and antimatter in the Universe.
This lecture will introduce the neutrino and introduce the models which extend its role and importance in the evolution of the Universe. The lecture will then focus on the experimental techniques to explore these models, and
discuss the many technological challenges that are involved and that are the subject of intensive R&D around the world.

Katya:
Title: Computing challenges in the measurement of matter and antimatter asymmetry

The search for the origin of the asymmetry between matter and antimatter involves precise measurements of a mechanism called CP-violation on particles which only existed naturally during a very brief moment after the Big Bang. The LHC accelerator and the LHCb experiment are capable of producing and recording in laboratory several thousand of billions of such particles per year. This lecture will introduce the measurements in order to demonstrate the computing challenges involved in selecting the interesting collisions online and in analysing the data.

Lecture 4
Searching for dark matter with machine learning
Andrey Ustyuzhanin
Head of Laboratory of Methods for Big Data Analysis at NRU HSE and Yandex School of Data Analysis
His team contributes to frontier research international collaborations: LHCb - collaboration at Large Hadron Collider, SHiP (Search for Hidden Particles) - experiment being designed for the New Physics discovery. His group is unique for both collaborations, since majority of the team members are coming from the Computer and Data Science worlds. The major priority of his research is the design of new Machine Learning methods and using them to solve tough scientific enigmas thus improving the fundamental understanding of our world. Discovering the deeper truth about the Universe by applying data analysis methods is the major source of inspiration in Andrey's lifelong journey. Andrey is co-author of the course on the Machine Learning applied to the High Energy Physics at Yandex School of Data Analysis and organises annual international summer schools following the similar topics.
April 18th
17:30 – 19:00
Olga Mineeva
Skoltech, Master Student
Olga graduated from the Plasma physics department of National Research Nuclear University "MEPhI" in 2016. Now she is a master student at Skoltech, Data science track. Her thesis is about anomaly detection, particularly at CMS detector at CERN. She focuses on Machine Learning and Deep learning technics.
Lecture 5
The LHCb experiment and the quest for New Physics
Nico Sera
University of Zurich
Physics coordinator
Nico Serra is Professor at the University of Zurich and group leader of the Experimental Flavour Physics group. He has been one of the initiators of the SHiP experiment and he is also member of the LHCb experiment. In LHCb he has been main proponent of several important analyses, including the first measurement of the so-called B0 → K*μμ anomaly. He was awarded several prestigious grants, including the SNF Professorship in 2013, and the SNF Starting Grant in 2016.
April 24th
17:30 – 19:00
Iaroslava Bezshyiko
University of Zurich
PhD student
Iaroslava has finished Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv in summer 2015. During her bachelor and master studies she was involved in a wide range of scientific research topics at low and high energies, i.e. cancer treatment using ionising radiation, obtaining of isomer ratios for products of photonuclear reactions, studies of energy resolution for the electromagnetic calorimeter (ILC), online event reconstruction for a high-rates experiments (CBM). Part of her studies was performed during different internship programs in GSI (Darmstadt, Germany; CBM experiment), Ecole Polytechnique (Palaiseau, France; ILC experiment) and twice at CERN (SHiP experiment). She started her PhD at the Physik Institut of the University of Zurich in November 2015. Her work focuses on two experiments, SHiP and LHCb. She is studying neutrino background and muon flux in the SHiP experiment. The focus of her work for the LHCb experiment consists of hardware (the study of prototype sensors and production testing of a 128-channel readout ASIC for the Upstream Tracker Upgrade in LHCb ) and analysis (testing of the lepton universality).
Abstract
Abstract of Nico Sera's lecture

I will discuss indirect search for new physics by using the decays of so-called beauty-mesons, particles containing a b (for beauty) quark. I will discuss the current pattern of anomalies that have been recently measured by the LHCb experiment, that seem to violate one of the properties of the current theory of fundamental interactions, i.e. the Universality of Leptons. Finally I will discuss possible implications and future prospects.


Abstract of Iaroslava Bezshyiko's talk

I will concentrate on studies of lepton universality using semileptonic decays. I will describe technics and challenges of analyses of semileptonic decays at LHCb and more in general on how we search for deviations from the Standard Model. I will shortly describe how we proceed from collecting a huge stack of data on proton-proton interactions, to the separation of signal from background, and the determination of the quantities sensitive to physics beyond the Standard Model.
Abstract
In this talk I'll give examples of the frontier challenges in astrophysics and particle physics that can be addressed very well from data analysis perspective giving a clearer picture of our Universe. I'll cover such cases as search for Dark Matter in the outer space (search for gravitational lenses), optimisation of the design of the dark matter particle detector (SHiP muon shield), search for Dark Matter using emulsion detector (NEWSdm).

Younger colleague: Olga Mineeva, Skoltech, Master Student
- Finding anomalies and deviations in high-dimensional datasets
Lecture 1
Search for new phenomena at the intensity frontier
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Lecture 2
Search for light dark matter
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Lecture 3
The exploration of the neutrino sector
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Lecture 4
Searching for dark matter with machine learning
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Lecture 5
Flavor physics (with the LHCb upgraded detector)
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